树莓派 PCF8591 AD/DA

树莓派本身没有AD/DA功能,如果树莓派外接模拟传感器,则必须外接AD/DA功能扩展板才能用。Pioneer 600扩展带有AD/DA芯片PCF8591,pcf8591带1通道8位DA,4通道8位AD,通过I2C控制。

一、DAC
1、bcm2835程序

#include <bcm2835.h>  
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{  
	char Buf[]={0,0};
	unsigned char value=0;

	if (!bcm2835_init())return 1;  
	bcm2835_i2c_begin(); 
	bcm2835_i2c_setSlaveAddress(0x48);
    bcm2835_i2c_set_baudrate(10000);
    printf("start..........\n");

    while(1)  
    {
		Buf[0] = 0x40;
		Buf[1] = value++;
		bcm2835_i2c_write(Buf,2);
		printf("AOUT: %d\n",value);

        bcm2835_delay(20);  
	}  

    bcm2835_i2c_end();  
    bcm2835_close();  
    return 0;  
}

编译并执行
gcc –Wall pcf8591.c –o pcf8591 –lbcm2835
sudo ./ pcf8591

2、Python程序

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import smbus
import time

address = 0x48
cmd = 0x40
value = 0 

bus = smbus.SMBus(1)
while True:
    bus.write_byte_data(address,cmd,value)
    value += 1
    if value == 256:
        value =0
    print("AOUT:%3d" %value)
    time.sleep(0.01)

执行程序
sudo python pcf8591
3、wiringPi程序

#include <wiringpi.h>
#include <pcf8591.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define Address 0x48
#define BASE 64
#define A0 BASE+0
#define A1 BASE+1
#define A2 BASE+2
#define A3 BASE+3

int main(void)
{
    unsigned char value;
    wiringPiSetup();
    pcf8591Setup(BASE,Address);

    while(1)
    {   
        analogWrite(A0,value);
        printf("AOUT: %d\n",value++);
        delay(20);
    }   
}

编译并执行程序
gcc –Wall pcf8591.c –o pcf8591 –lbcm2835 -lwiringPi
sudo ./ pcf8591
二、ADC
1、bcm2835程序

#include <bcm2835.h>  
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)  
{  
    char Buf[]={0};
    unsigned char i;

    if (!bcm2835_init())return 1;  
    bcm2835_i2c_begin(); 
    bcm2835_i2c_setSlaveAddress(0x48);  
    bcm2835_i2c_set_baudrate(10000);  
    printf("start..........\n"); 

    while(1)  
    {   
        for(i = 0;i < 4;i++)
        {   
            Buf[0] = i;  
            bcm2835_i2c_write_read_rs(Buf,1,Buf,1);  
            bcm2835_i2c_read (Buf,1);
            printf("AIN%d:%5.2f  ",i,(double)Buf[0]*3.3/255);
        }   
        printf("\n");
        bcm2835_delay(100);  
    }   
    
    bcm2835_i2c_end();  
    bcm2835_close();  
    return 0;  
}

编译并执行
gcc –Wall pcf8591.c –o pcf8591 –lbcm2835
sudo ./ pcf8591
2、Python程序

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import smbus
import time

address = 0x48
A0 = 0x40
A1 = 0x41
A2 = 0x42
A3 = 0x43
bus = smbus.SMBus(1)
while True:
    bus.write_byte(address,A0)  
    value = bus.read_byte(address)
    print("AOUT:%1.3f  " %(value*3.3/255))
    time.sleep(0.1)

执行程序
sudo python pcf8591
3、wiringPi程序

#include <wiringpi.h>
#include <pcf8591.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define Address 0x48
#define BASE 64
#define A0 BASE+0
#define A1 BASE+1
#define A2 BASE+2
#define A3 BASE+3

int main(void)
{
    int value;
    wiringPiSetup();
    pcf8591Setup(BASE,Address);

    while(1)
    {   
        value = analogRead(A0);
        printf("Analoge: %dmv\n",value*3300/255);
        delay(1000);
    }   
}

编译并执行程序
gcc –Wall pcf8591.c –o pcf8591 -lwiringPi
sudo ./ pcf8591