标签归档:Windows

Windows 与 Office KMS注册码

Windows

::Windows 10
Windows 10 Home=TX9XD-98N7V-6WMQ6-BX7FG-H8Q99
Windows 10 Home N=3KHY7-WNT83-DGQKR-F7HPR-844BM
Windows 10 Home Single Language=7HNRX-D7KGG-3K4RQ-4WPJ4-YTDFH
Windows 10 Home Country Specific=PVMJN-6DFY6-9CCP6-7BKTT-D3WVR
Windows 10 Professional=W269N-WFGWX-YVC9B-4J6C9-T83GX
Windows 10 Professional N=MH37W-N47XK-V7XM9-C7227-GCQG9
Windows 10 Enterprise=NPPR9-FWDCX-D2C8J-H872K-2YT43
Windows 10 Enterprise N=DPH2V-TTNVB-4X9Q3-TJR4H-KHJW4
Windows 10 Education=NW6C2-QMPVW-D7KKK-3GKT6-VCFB2
Windows 10 Education N=2WH4N-8QGBV-H22JP-CT43Q-MDWWJ
Windows 10 Enterprise 2015 LTSB=WNMTR-4C88C-JK8YV-HQ7T2-76DF9
Windows 10 Enterprise 2015 LTSB N=2F77B-TNFGY-69QQF-B8YKP-D69TJ

::Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1
Windows 8.1 Professional=GCRJD-8NW9H-F2CDX-CCM8D-9D6T9
Windows 8.1 Professional N=HMCNV-VVBFX-7HMBH-CTY9B-B4FXY
Windows 8.1 Enterprise=MHF9N-XY6XB-WVXMC-BTDCT-MKKG7
Windows 8.1 Enterprise N=TT4HM-HN7YT-62K67-RGRQJ-JFFXW
Windows Server 2012 R2 Server Standard=D2N9P-3P6X9-2R39C-7RTCD-MDVJX
Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter=W3GGN-FT8W3-Y4M27-J84CP-Q3VJ9
Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials=KNC87-3J2TX-XB4WP-VCPJV-M4FWM

::Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8
Windows 8 Professional=NG4HW-VH26C-733KW-K6F98-J8CK4
Windows 8 Professional N=XCVCF-2NXM9-723PB-MHCB7-2RYQQ
Windows 8 Enterprise=32JNW-9KQ84-P47T8-D8GGY-CWCK7
Windows 8 Enterprise N=JMNMF-RHW7P-DMY6X-RF3DR-X2BQT
Windows Server 2012=BN3D2-R7TKB-3YPBD-8DRP2-27GG4
Windows Server 2012 N=8N2M2-HWPGY-7PGT9-HGDD8-GVGGY
Windows Server 2012 Single Language=2WN2H-YGCQR-KFX6K-CD6TF-84YXQ
Windows Server 2012 Country Specific=4K36P-JN4VD-GDC6V-KDT89-DYFKP
Windows Server 2012 Server Standard=XC9B7-NBPP2-83J2H-RHMBY-92BT4
Windows Server 2012 MultiPoint Standard=HM7DN-YVMH3-46JC3-XYTG7-CYQJJ
Windows Server 2012 MultiPoint Premium=XNH6W-2V9GX-RGJ4K-Y8X6F-QGJ2G
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter=48HP8-DN98B-MYWDG-T2DCC-8W83P

::Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows 7 Professional=FJ82H-XT6CR-J8D7P-XQJJ2-GPDD4
Windows 7 Professional N=MRPKT-YTG23-K7D7T-X2JMM-QY7MG
Windows 7 Professional E=W82YF-2Q76Y-63HXB-FGJG9-GF7QX
Windows 7 Enterprise=33PXH-7Y6KF-2VJC9-XBBR8-HVTHH
Windows 7 Enterprise N=YDRBP-3D83W-TY26F-D46B2-XCKRJ
Windows 7 Enterprise E=C29WB-22CC8-VJ326-GHFJW-H9DH4
Windows Server 2008 R2 Web=6TPJF-RBVHG-WBW2R-86QPH-6RTM4
Windows Server 2008 R2 HPC edition=TT8MH-CG224-D3D7Q-498W2-9QCTX
Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard=YC6KT-GKW9T-YTKYR-T4X34-R7VHC
Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise=489J6-VHDMP-X63PK-3K798-CPX3Y
Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter=74YFP-3QFB3-KQT8W-PMXWJ-7M648
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems=GT63C-RJFQ3-4GMB6-BRFB9-CB83V

::Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
Windows Vista Business=YFKBB-PQJJV-G996G-VWGXY-2V3X8
Windows Vista Business N=HMBQG-8H2RH-C77VX-27R82-VMQBT
Windows Vista Enterprise=VKK3X-68KWM-X2YGT-QR4M6-4BWMV
Windows Vista Enterprise N=VTC42-BM838-43QHV-84HX6-XJXKV
Windows Web Server 2008=WYR28-R7TFJ-3X2YQ-YCY4H-M249D
Windows Server 2008 Standard=TM24T-X9RMF-VWXK6-X8JC9-BFGM2
Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V=W7VD6-7JFBR-RX26B-YKQ3Y-6FFFJ
Windows Server 2008 Enterprise=YQGMW-MPWTJ-34KDK-48M3W-X4Q6V
Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V=39BXF-X8Q23-P2WWT-38T2F-G3FPG
Windows Server 2008 HPC=RCTX3-KWVHP-BR6TB-RB6DM-6X7HP
Windows Server 2008 Datacenter=7M67G-PC374-GR742-YH8V4-TCBY3
Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V=22XQ2-VRXRG-P8D42-K34TD-G3QQC
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems=4DWFP-JF3DJ-B7DTH-78FJB-PDRHK

*****************************************************************

Office
::Office2016
Office Professional Plus 2016=XQNVK-8JYDB-WJ9W3-YJ8YR-WFG99
Office Standard 2016=JNRGM-WHDWX-FJJG3-K47QV-DRTFM
Project Professional 2016=YG9NW-3K39V-2T3HJ-93F3Q-G83KT
Project Standard 2016=GNFHQ-F6YQM-KQDGJ-327XX-KQBVC
Visio Professional 2016=PD3PC-RHNGV-FXJ29-8JK7D-RJRJK
Visio Standard 2016=7WHWN-4T7MP-G96JF-G33KR-W8GF4
Access 2016=GNH9Y-D2J4T-FJHGG-QRVH7-QPFDW
Excel 2016=9C2PK-NWTVB-JMPW8-BFT28-7FTBF
OneNote 2016=DR92N-9HTF2-97XKM-XW2WJ-XW3J6
Outlook 2016=R69KK-NTPKF-7M3Q4-QYBHW-6MT9B
PowerPoint 2016=J7MQP-HNJ4Y-WJ7YM-PFYGF-BY6C6
Publisher 2016=F47MM-N3XJP-TQXJ9-BP99D-8K837
Skype for Business 2016=869NQ-FJ69K-466HW-QYCP2-DDBV6
Word 2016=WXY84-JN2Q9-RBCCQ-3Q3J3-3PFJ6

::Office2013
Office 2013 Professional Plus=YC7DK-G2NP3-2QQC3-J6H88-GVGXT
Office 2013 Standard=KBKQT-2NMXY-JJWGP-M62JB-92CD4
Project 2013 Professional=FN8TT-7WMH6-2D4X9-M337T-2342K
Project 2013 Standard=6NTH3-CW976-3G3Y2-JK3TX-8QHTT
Visio 2013 Professional=C2FG9-N6J68-H8BTJ-BW3QX-RM3B3
Visio 2013 Standard=J484Y-4NKBF-W2HMG-DBMJC-PGWR7
Access 2013=NG2JY-H4JBT-HQXYP-78QH9-4JM2D
Excel 2013=VGPNG-Y7HQW-9RHP7-TKPV3-BG7GB
InfoPath 2013=DKT8B-N7VXH-D963P-Q4PHY-F8894
Lync 2013=2MG3G-3BNTT-3MFW9-KDQW3-TCK7R
OneNote 2013=TGN6P-8MMBC-37P2F-XHXXK-P34VW
Outlook 2013=QPN8Q-BJBTJ-334K3-93TGY-2PMBT
PowerPoint 2013=4NT99-8RJFH-Q2VDH-KYG2C-4RD4F
Publisher 2013=PN2WF-29XG2-T9HJ7-JQPJR-FCXK4
Word 2013=6Q7VD-NX8JD-WJ2VH-88V73-4GBJ7

::Office2010
Office Professional Plus 2010=VYBBJ-TRJPB-QFQRF-QFT4D-H3GVB
Office Standard 2010=V7QKV-4XVVR-XYV4D-F7DFM-8R6BM
Project Professional 2010=YGX6F-PGV49-PGW3J-9BTGG-VHKC6
Project Standard 2010=4HP3K-88W3F-W2K3D-6677X-F9PGB
Visio Standard 2010=767HD-QGMWX-8QTDB-9G3R2-KHFGJ
Visio Professional 2010=7MCW8-VRQVK-G677T-PDJCM-Q8TCP
Visio Premium 2010=D9DWC-HPYVV-JGF4P-BTWQB-WX8BJ
Access 2010=V7Y44-9T38C-R2VJK-666HK-T7DDX
Excel 2010=H62QG-HXVKF-PP4HP-66KMR-CW9BM
SharePoint Workspace 2010=QYYW6-QP4CB-MBV6G-HYMCJ-4T3J4
InfoPath 2010=K96W8-67RPQ-62T9Y-J8FQJ-BT37T
OneNote 2010=Q4Y4M-RHWJM-PY37F-MTKWH-D3XHX
Outlook 2010=7YDC2-CWM8M-RRTJC-8MDVC-X3DWQ
PowerPoint 2010=RC8FX-88JRY-3PF7C-X8P67-P4VTT
Publisher 2010=BFK7F-9MYHM-V68C7-DRQ66-83YTP
Word 2010=HVHB3-C6FV7-KQX9W-YQG79-CRY7T

Windows server 2008 搭建VPN服务

VPN英文全称是“Virtual Private Network”,就是“虚拟专用网络”。

虚拟专用网络就是一种虚拟出来的企业内部专用线路、这条隧道可以对数据进行几倍加密达到安全使用互联网的目的。
此项技术已被广泛使用、虚拟专用网可以帮助远程用户、公司分支机构、商业伙伴及供应商同公司的内部网建立可信的安全连接,用于经济有效地连接到商业伙伴和用户的安全外联网虚拟专用网。

实验环境:

服务器系统:Windows server 2008

客户机系统:Windows server 2003

 

服务器双网卡

外网卡IP:192.168.2.253

内网卡IP:172.16.2.253

 

客户机IP:

26

 

最终效果:客户机拨入VPN访问服务器内网、同时通过VPN服务器继续访问互联网

 

一、安装VPN服务

打开服务器管理器-添加角色

26

勾选网络策略和访问服务

26

下一步

26

勾选需要安装的服务:如图

26

下一步

26

开始安装

26

安装完成

26

 

二、配置VPN服务

当安装完路由和远程访问默认是禁用的,看到的是红下箭头,需要进行配置才变绿

26

右击路由和远程访问-配置并启动路由与远程访问

26

选择自定义-下一步

26

26

配置完启动服务

26

已经可以看到变绿了!

26

 

展开以后-右击NAT-新增接口

26

 

 

选择本地接口-公用接口(连接互联网),并在此接口上启用NAT,不然客户机拨号进来就只能访问服务器内网,无法连接互联网

26

26

 

右击NAT-新增接口-内部-专用接口 (连接虚拟专用网络)

26 26

右击路由和远程访问-属性-IPv4-静态地址池(用于指定客户机拨入VPN后,分配的IP范围,我指定IP是:172.16.2.100-200)

26

创建一个名为sky的VPN用户-属性-允许拨入

26

26

 

客户机测试

1、测试能否正常拨入

2、测试能否访问服务器内网和互联网

26 26 26

查看客户机成功拨入后的IP信息!

26

Secure Boot - Confirm Enabled or Disabled in Windows 8

How to Check if Secure Boot is Enabled or Disabled in Windows 8 and 8.1

 

information   Information
This tutorial will show you how to confirm if Secure Boot is enabled or disabled in your UEFI settings from insideWindows 8 and 8.1.You must be signed in as an administrator to be able to do the steps in this tutorial.
Note   Note
UEFI (replaces BIOS) has a firmware validation process, called secure boot, which is defined in Chapter 27 of the UEFI 2.3.1 specification. Secure boot defines how platform firmware manages security certificates, validation of firmware, and a definition of the interface (protocol) between firmware and the operating system. Secure boot prevents “unauthorized” operating systems and software from loading during the startup process.Quick summary

  • UEFI allows firmware to implement a security policy
  • Secure boot is a UEFI protocol not a Windows 8 feature
  • UEFI secure boot is part of Windows 8 secured boot architecture
  • Windows 8 utilizes secure boot to ensure that the pre-OS environment is secure
  • Secure boot doesn’t “lock out” operating system loaders, but is a policy that allows firmware to validate authenticity of components
  • OEMs have the ability to customize their firmware to meet the needs of their customers by customizing the level of certificate and policy management on their platform
  • Microsoft does not mandate or control the settings on PC firmware that control or enable secured boot from any operating system other than Windows

For more information about secure boot, see:

  • Secure Boot Overview
  • "Secure Boot isn't configured correctly": troubleshooting
  • Protecting the pre-OS environment with UEFI - Building Windows 8 - Site Home - MSDN Blogs
  • Secured Boot and Measured Boot: Hardening Early Boot Components Against Malware

EXAMPLE: Secure Boot in your UEFI firmware settings at boot

Click image for larger version

 

OPTION ONE

To Check if Secure Boot is Enabled or Disabled in System Information

1. Press the + R keys to open the Run dialog, type msinfo32, and press Enter.2. In the right pane of System Summary in System Information, see what the Secure Boot State value is. (see screenshot below)

Value Description
On PC supports Secure Boot and Secure Boot is enabled
Off PC supports Secure Boot and Secure Boot is disabled
Unsupported PC does not support Secure Boot or is a Legacy (BIOS) installed Windows

Click image for larger version

 

OPTION TWO

To Check if Secure Boot is Enabled or Disabled in PowerShell

1. Open an elevated PowerShell window from inside Windows 8 or 8.1.2. If prompted by UAC, then click/tap on Yes.3. In the elevated PowerShell window, copy and paste the command below, and press Enter.

Confirm-SecureBootUEFI

4. Based on what the cmdlet returns, this will let you know if Secure Boot is enabled or disabled in your UEFI settings.

Cmdlet Return Description
True PC supports Secure Boot and Secure Boot is enabled
False PC supports Secure Boot and Secure Boot is disabled
Cmdlet not supported on this platform PC does not support Secure Boot or is a Legacy (BIOS) installed Windows

Click image for larger version

Click image for larger version

Click image for larger version

 

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\SecureBoot\State]
"UEFISecureBootEnabled"=dword:00000001
"PolicyPublisher"="{77fa9abd-0359-4d32-bd60-28f4e78f784b}"
"PolicyVersion"=dword:00000001

Windows Server 2012 R2配置成桌面操作系统的详细设置

        用Windows Server 2012 R2 做桌面操作系统已经有一段时间,感觉它和Windows8.1还是存在一些不同点的,你可能需要设置很多地方去调整这些不同点,下面将个人调整的地方罗列出来,希望能够给其它朋友以引用。

一、关闭服务器管理器界面开机自启动

        你可能不需要每次启动电脑以后都自动打开服务器管理器界面,这时候我们就需要配置它的开机自启动了。

1、任务栏左下角启动服务器管理器,然后点击“管理”——“服务器管理器属性”

clip_image002

2、勾选“在登录时不自动启动服务器管理器”

clip_image004

二、关闭IE增强功能

        每次打开网页都需要去添加到安全选项里面去,这样子会让用户的体验很差,也很烦。下面我们就来关闭这个烦人的东西。

1、选择“本地服务器”,看到右边的IE增强的安全配置,如图所示,关闭两项内容。这样就关闭了IE增强安全提示框。

clip_image006

三、开启音频功能

        当你想听一下音乐舒展一下心情的时候,你会发现Windows Server 2012 R2它会没有声音,这时候我们需要设置一下它的音频服务了。

1、“工具”菜单,启动“服务”,启动两项声音服务(Windows AudioWindows Audio Endpoint Builder),并设为自动属性。

clip_image008

四、开启Flash Player等功能

        在Windows Server 2012 R2里面,Flash Player功能已经做为系统功能的一部分添加进来了,如果你需要在线播放Flash动画等,你可能需要添加以下功能。

1、点击“管理”菜单,添加服务器角色与功能。添加功能:Search服务、Server Backup、无线LAN,以及“用户界面和基础结构”下的桌面体验,优质 Windows 音频视频体验等。如果你需要添加 .Net Framework 3.5 功能,自己再选上。

clip_image010

五、设置密码复杂度

        每次修改密码都需要设置一个很复杂又指定长度等要求的密码,这是一件很痛苦的事情,我们可以通过以下修改,来解决这个问题。当然为了安全考虑你可以默认。

1、WIN键+R键,在运行里面输入GPEDIT.MSC,进入组策略。 禁用“密码符合复杂性要求”,“密码最长使用期限”改为0(无期限)

clip_image012

2、启用“交互式登录:无需按 Ctrl+Alt+Del”

clip_image014

六、开机自动登录

每次开机都需要输入登录密码再登录,也许这也不是你想要的,你可能希望一开始,就能够自动登录到电脑桌面进行使用,那下面的修改是必须的。

1、Win键+R键,打开运行输入“control userpasswords2”

image

2、勾选“要使用本计算机,用户必须输入用户名和密码”,添加对应的用户,点击“确定”

image

七、关闭开机自启动应用

        有时候我们会发现,安装一些应用会,会默认开机自启动,这时候我们会通过msconfig然后在启动里面禁用这些开机自启动应用。但是我们发现Windows Server 2012 R2里面没有了这个功能选项,怎么处理了?

image

        目前还没有发现什么好的工具可以来设置这个的,但我们可以通过注册表来修改自启动项,基本上通过以下三项注册表来修改。后续有什么好的工具,在分享给大家。当然可以自己写一个注册表修改批处理,将这三项里面的都删除。

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun
HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREWow6432NodeMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun

image

image

蓝屏后C盘可用磁盘空间较少

系统:Windows 8.1 Update X64、内存大小8GB,最近没事的时候折腾路由器,导致我无法连接上路由器,于是我重新启动了一下电脑,但是系统突然蓝屏了,经过内存转储过程后电脑又从新启动,这回就可以顺利的进入操作了,由于本人做事还是比较细致,随手打开“这台电脑”发现C盘小了大概6GB多的磁盘空间,因为以前出现过这个情况,但是没找到原因,这次我打开隐藏属性(包括显示系统隐藏文件)发现pagefile.sys文件(虚拟内存文件)原来是1.25GB,现在变成了和内存一样大小了,我很奇怪,我进入虚拟内存设置,发现是系统管理虚拟内存,也没什么问题,最终我进入“启动和故障恢复”设置中检查了一下“内存转储”情况,是默认的“自动内存转储”,和新安装的操作系统比较这些设置都是正常的,有点无从下手了,于是我思考一下原因为什么蓝屏后这个文件会有变化呢,肯定和这个蓝屏有关系,经过查找资料找到关于“内核内存转储文件”的注册表项,与新安装的系统对比后发现多了一项“LastCrashTime”(最后的崩溃时间),将它删除掉重启后C盘的可用磁盘空间就回来了;

 

变通的解决方法(但是不完美):

把“内存转储”设置改成:小内存转储,这个pagefile.sys比原来还小变成512MB,更节省空间;

分析:

系统应该是检测此变量LastCrashTime,如果存在那么就把虚拟内存设置到最大尺寸;


为什么研究这个就是因为本人有强迫症,尽力做到完美;

 

解决办法:

1.打开注册表,在开始运行框中键入 regedit;
2.找到HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\CrashControl;

3.删除LastCrashTime项

4.重启系统;